# Mathematics of Finance – 2

The Quiz about Mathematics of Finance for the preparation of Exams related to CA, CIMA, ICMAP, and MBA. MCQs covers many Business related fields (such as Business Administration, Commerce, and Charted Accountancy related Institutes) in which the subject of Business Mathematics is taught.

This quiz covers topics related to the mathematics of finance such as simple interest, compound interest, annuities, present and future values of annuities, mortgage values, and cost-benefit analysis, etc.

1. A company has to choose between borrowing 100,000 at 3% a quarter in order to modernize now or saving at 2% a quarter in order to modernize in 4 years’ time, at an estimated cost of 1170,00. Throughout this question, use tables whenever possible. Calculate the amount $Y$ which must be saved at the end of each quarter if the company wishes to cover the cost of modernization in 4 years’ time. Give your answer to the nearest $. 2. A company has to choose between borrowing 100,000 at 3% a quarter in order to modernize now or saving at 2% a quarter in order to modernize in 4 years’ time, at an estimated cost of 1170,00. Throughout this question, use tables whenever possible. Find the cumulative discount factor appropriate to quarter end payments of$1 per quarter at 3% per quarter over 4 years.

3. The price of a tricycle is $2,900 and the sales tax is 16%. The amount of sales tax on 40 such tricycles should be 4. The economic order quantity (EOQ) for a particular stock item is given by the expression$EOQ = \sqrt{\frac{2C_0D}{c_h}}$. If$C_0=2$per order,$D=1000$items and$C_h=0.25$per time, then EOQ (rounded to the nearest whole number) will be 5. An asset originally worth 80,000 depreciates at 28% per annum. Find its value to the nearest at the end of 3 years. 6. If a sum of 15,000 is invested at 4.6 percent per annum, find its value after 5 years, to the nearest$.

7. An item sells for 4.39 including value-added tax at 17.5%. If the tax were reduced to 16%, the new selling price to the nearest penny will be

9. A company has to choose between borrowing 100,000 at 3% a quarter in order to modernize now or saving at 2% a quarter in order to modernize in 4 years’ time, at an estimated cost of 1170,00. Throughout this question, use tables whenever possible. Calculate the amount $X$ which mush be paid per quarter if the company borrows 100,000 now repayable at the end of each quarter over 4 years. Give your answer correct to the nearest $. 10. The salary received after necessary deductions from the gross salary is termed as 11. An investment rises in value from 12000 to 250,000 over 15 years. Calculate the percentage increase per year, to one d.p. 12. To pay a certain amount of tax as a value-added tax on the purchase of an item is known as 13. The tax charged on all incomes during the financial year from 1st July to 30th June is termed as 14. A sum of$\$30,000$ is invested at a nominal rate of 12\% per annum. Find its value after 3 years if interest is compounded every month. Give your answer to the nearest $. 16. The economic order quantity (EOQ) for a particular stock item is given by the expression EOQ =$\sqrt{\frac{2C_0D}{c_h}}$. If for a different stock item, EOQ = 200 items,$C_0=4$per order and$D=1000$items, then$C_h$(in$\ per item) will be

17. A motorbike price is $40,000 inclusive of 16% sales tax. The original price should be 18. If the MP of a laptop is$22,000 and the sales tax imposed is 16%. The total amount that has to pay is

Explanation: $22000+22000*0.16=25520$

19. Calculate the present value of an annuity of 2800 per annum, payable at the end of each year for 10 years at a discount rate of 4%. Use tables and give your answer to the nearest $. 20. Rearrange the formula$V=P(1+r)^n$to make$r\$ the subject.  